Species list SE Brazil 13 Oct - 5 Nov 2001 (birds & mammals)
John van der Woude  -  see report at www.jvanderw.nl 
*  = lifer
E  = endemic for Brazil
nt = near threatened; vu = vulnerable; en = endangered 
     (acc. to Threatened Bird of the World, BirdLife)
H  = heard only

Or = Serra dos Orgaos NP & Garafao
S  = Sumidouro road; C = Carmo; A = Caparaˇ NP
AR = Augusto Rushi reserve (Sta. Teresa)
Li = Linhares reserve; So = Sooretama reserve
Ci = Cipˇ
Ca = Canastra NP
Ub = Ubatuba area
AN = Agulhas Negras road
It = Itatiaia NP
For ubiquitous species no site indications have been given.

          Solitary Tinamou *  E  nt            AR                          Tinamus solitarius
            Little Tinamou                     AR                          Crypturellus soui
             Brown Tinamou                         So                      Crypturellus obsoletus
        Variegated Tinamou                         Li                      Crypturellus variegatus
           Tataupa Tinamou                         So  Ci                  Crypturellus tataupa

        Red-winged Tinamou                             Ci  Ca              Rhynchotus rufescens
           Spotted Nothura                                 Ca              Nothura maculosa
       Neotropic Cormorant                                                 Phalacrocorax brasilianus
   Magnificent Frigatebird                                     Ub          Fregata magnificens
              Capped Heron                         Li                      Pilherodius pileatus

Cocoi (White-necked) Heron                                                 Ardea cocoi
         Great White Egret                                                 Casmerodius albus
              Cattle Egret                                                 Bulbulcus ibis
     Rufescent Tiger-heron                         So                      Tigrisoma lineatum
            Brazilian Teal                         Li                      Amazonetta brasiliensis

    American Black Vulture                                                 Coragyps atratus
            Turkey Vulture                                                 Cathartes aura
              King Vulture                                 Ca              Sarcohamphus papa
American Swallow-tailed Kite                                   Ub          Elanoides forficatus
         White-tailed Kite                                                 Elanus leucurus

       Rufous-thighed Kite                                             It  Harpagus diodon
            Plumbeous Kite                         Li      Ca              Ictinia plumbea
              Mantled Hawk *     nt                            Ub          Leucopternis polionota
             Savannah Hawk                                 Ca              Buteogallus meridionalis
Black-chested Buzzard-eagle                            Ci  Ca              Geranoaetus melanoleucus

    Crowned Solitary Eagle *     vu        C                               Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
           Grey-lined Hawk                     AR  Li                      Asturina nitida
             Roadside Hawk                                                 Buteo magnirostris
         Short-tailed Hawk                     AR  Li                      Buteo brachyurus
         White-tailed Hawk                                 Ca              Buteo albicaudatus

          Black Hawk-eagle                     AR                          Spizaetus tyrannus
          Crested Caracara                                                 Polyborus plancus
    Yellow-headed Caracara                                                 Milvago chimachima
      Barred Forest-falcon                                     Ub  AN  It  Micrastur ruficollis
          American Kestrel                             Ci  Ca              Falco sparverius

           Aplomado Falcon                                 Ca      AN      Falco femoralis
       Rusty-margined Guan *                       Li                      Penelope superciliaris
         Dusky-legged Guan *               A                       AN  It  Penelope obscura
       Red-billed Curassow *  E  en                Li                      Crax blumenbachii
  Slaty-breasted Wood-rail *               A                   Ub      It  Aramides saracura

        Ash-throated Crake *               S                               Porzana albicollis
             Blackish Rail *               SC                              Pardirallus nigricans
 American Purple Gallinule                         So                      Porphyrula martinicus
            Common Moorhen                         So                      Gallinula chloropus
        Red-legged Seriema                                 Ca              Cariama cristata

            Wattled Jacana                         So                      Jacana jacana
          Southern Lapwing                         So          Ub          Vanellus chilensis
           Picazuro Pigeon                             Ci              It  Columba picazuro
        Pale-vented Pigeon                                 Ca              Columba cayennensis
          Plumbeous Pigeon                     AR      Ci              It  Columba plumbea

               Scaled Dove                                 Ca              Columbina squammata
         Ruddy Ground-dove                     AR                          Columbina talpacoti
         White-tipped Dove                 C                               Leptotila verreauxi
     Violaceous Quail-dove *        H? Or                                  Geotrygon violacea
         Blue-winged Macaw *               C                               Ara maracana

       White-eyed Parakeet                                 Ca              Aratinga leucophthalmus
    Peach-fronted Parakeet                             Ci                  Aratinga aurea
   Maroon-bellied Parakeet *           Or      AR          Ca  Ub      It  Pyrrhura frontalis
     Blue-winged Parrotlet                                     Ub          Forpus xanthopterygius
            Plain Parakeet *  E                    Li          Ub          Brotogeris tirica

 Yellow-chevroned Parakeet                                 Ca              Brotogeris chiriri
         Red-capped Parrot *                                           It  Pionopsitta pileata
       Scaly-headed Parrot *           Or  S                   Ub      It  Pionus maximiliani
         Red-browed Parrot *  E  en                Li                      Amazona rhodochorytha
      Orange-winged Parrot                         Li                      Amazona amazonica

              Mealy Parrot                         Li                      Amazona farinosa
           Squirrel Cuckoo             Or  C       LiSo        Ub      It  Piaya cayana
         Smooth-billed Ani             Or  SC              Ca              Crotophaga ani
              Guira Cuckoo                 S       Li  Ci  Ca              Guira guira
            Striped Cuckoo                 S               Ca  Ub          Tapera naevia

          Tawny-browed Owl *                                           It  Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana
     Ferruginous Pygmy-owl                                 Ca              Glaucidium brasilianum
             Burrowing Owl                                 Ca              Athene cunicularia
              Common Potoo                                         AN-     Nyctibius jamaicensis
    Short-tailed Nighthawk *                                           It  Lurocalis semitorquatus

                  Pauraque                         Li  Ci                  Nyctidromus albicollis
         Great Dusky Swift *                               Ca              Cypseloides senex
      White-collared Swift             Or              Ci  Ca          It  Streptoprocne zonaris
           Biscutate Swift *           Or                                  Streptoprocne biscutata
         Ashy-tailed Swift             Or      AR                      It  Chaetura andrei

     Scale-throated Hermit *           Or                                  Phaethornis eurynome
           Planalto Hermit                                 Ca          It  Phaethornis pretrei
             Minute Hermit *  E                    Li                      Phaethornis idaliae
         Saw-billed Hermit *  E                                Ub          Rhamphodon naevius
Swallow-tailed Hummingbird                         Li  Ci  Ca              Eupetomena macroura

             Black Jacobin *           Or      AR              Ub  AN  It  Melanotrochilus fuscus
   White-vented Violet-ear *                           Ci                  Colibri serrirostris
      Black-throated Mango                                     Ub      It  Anthracothorax nigricollis
               Plovercrest *                                       AN      Stephanoxis lalandi
          Frilled Coquette *  E                AR                      It  Lophornis magnificus

          Festive Coquette *                                   Ub          Lophornis chalybeus
Glittering-bellied Emerald                 A                           It  Chlorostilbon aureoventris
     Fork-tailed Woodnymph                     AR                          Thalurania furcata
   Violet-capped Woodnymph *               A   AR              Ub      It  Thalurania glaucopis
White-throated Hummingbird                 A   AR                  AN  It  Leucochloris albicollis

 White-tailed Goldenthroat                             Ci  Ca              Polytmus guainumbi
     Versicoloured Emerald *                                           It  Amazilia versicolor
        Sombre Hummingbird *  E                AR                  AN  It  Aphantochroa cirrochloris
            Brazilian Ruby *  E        Or  A   AR                      It  Clytolaema rubricauda
      Hyacinth Visorbearer *  E                        Ci                  Augastes scutatus

             Horned Sungem *                           Ci                  Heliactin cornuta
Stripe-breasted Starthroat *  E                            Ca              Heliomaster squamosus
       White-tailed Trogon                         Li                      Trogon viridis
     Black-throated Trogon                     AR                          Trogon rufus
            Surucua Trogon *           Or      AR              Ub      It  Trogon surrucura

         Ringed Kingfisher                 C                   Ub          Ceryle torquata
          Green Kingfisher                                 Ca              Chloroceryle americana
      Rufous-capped Motmot *           Or                      Ub      It  Baryphthengus ruficapillus
        Three-toed Jacamar *  E  en        S                               Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
     Rufous-tailed Jacamar                         LiSo                    Galbula ruficauda

      White-eared Puffbird *                           Ci  Ca              Nystalus chacuru
 Crescent-chested Puffbird *  E                    Li                      Malacoptila striata
              Swallow-wing                         Li                      Chelidoptera tenebrosa
      Black-necked Aracari                         Li                      Pteroglossus aracari
          Saffron Toucanet *     nt                                    It  Baillonius bailloni

      Spot-billed Toucanet *                   AR                      It  Selenidera maculirostris
     Channel-billed Toucan                     AR  LiSo                    Ramphastos vitellinus
       Red-breasted Toucan *           Or                              It  Ramphastos dicolorus
               Toco Toucan                                 Ca              Ramphastos toco
      White-barred Piculet *               A       So      Ca  Ub      It  Picumnus cirratus

 Yellow-fronted Woodpecker *                       Li                      Melanerpes flavifrons
  White-spotted Woodpecker *                                   Ub          Veniliornis spilogaster
   Yellow-eared Woodpecker *  E            S   AR                          Veniliornis maculifrons
Yellow-throated Woodpecker *                       Li          Ub          Piculus flavigula
  Yellow-browed Woodpecker *     nt    Or  A   AR                      It  Piculus aurulentus

             Campo Flicker                 A           Ci  Ca              Colaptes campestris
  Blond-crested Woodpecker *           Or          Li                      Celeus flavescens
         Robust Woodpecker *                       Li                      Campephilus robustus
   Thrush-like Woodcreeper *               A   AR  Li          Ub          Dendrocincla turdina
    Olivaceous Woodcreeper                     AR                      It  Sittasomus griseicapillus

  Wedge-billed Woodcreeper             Or  S   AR                          Glyphorhynchus spirurus
White-throated Woodcreeper *           Or                              It  Xiphocolaptes albicollis
      Planalto Woodcreeper *                                           It  Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
        Scaled Woodcreeper *           Or  A   AR                  AN  It  Lepidocolaptes squamatus
        Lesser Woodcreeper *                   AR              Ub      It  Lepidocolaptes fuscus

   Black-billed Scythebill *                   AR                      It  Campylorhamphus falcularius
            Rufous Hornero                                                 Furnarius rufus
   Araucaria Tit-spinetail *     nt                                AN      Leptasthenura setaria
        Itatiaia Spinetail *  E                                    AN      Schizoeaca moreirae
   Rufous-capped Spinetail *               A   AR                      It  Synallaxis ruficapilla

   Sooty-fronted Spinetail                             Ci                  Synallaxis frontalis
          Chicli Spinetail                 A   AR          Ca  Ub          Synallaxis spixi
          Pallid Spinetail *  E        Or?                                 Cranioleuca pallida
            Cipo Canastero *  E  en                    Ci                  Asthenes luizae
  Plain (Common) Thornbird                                                 Phacellodomus rufifrons

         Firewood-gatherer                             Ci  Ca              Anumbius annumbi
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper *           Or                  Ca  Ub  AN      Lochmias nematura
    Pale-browed Treehunter *  E        Or                                  Cichlocolaptes leucophrus
Russet-mantled Foliage-glea*                               Ca              Philydor dimidiatus
White-browed Foliage-gleane*     nt    Or                                  Philydor amaurotis

Ochre-breasted Foliage-glea*                   AR                          Philydor lichtensteini
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner                   AR                      It  Philydor rufus
Black-capped Foliage-gleane*                       Li          Ub          Philydor atricapillus
White-collared Foliage-glea*  E                AR                      It  Anabazenops fuscus
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner *                   AR  Li          Ub          Automolus leucophthalmus

   Sharp-billed Treehunter *                                           It  Heliobletus contaminatus
              Plain Xenops             Or          Li                      Xenops minutus
           Streaked Xenops             Or                                  Xenops rutilans
     Spot-backed Antshrike *                   AR                          Hypoedaleus guttatus
  Planalto Slaty-Antshrike *               A                           It  Thamnophilus pelzelni

 Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike *                       So                      Thamnophilus ambiguus
   Rufous-winged Antshrike *                               Ca              Thamnophilus torquatus
   Rufous-capped Antshrike *        H                  Ci                  Thamnophilus ruficapillus
    Spot-breasted Antvireo *     nt                            Ub      It  Dysithamnus stictothorax
            Plain Antvireo                     AR  Li                  It  Dysithamnus mentalis

    Rufous-backed Antvireo *                                       AN      Dysithamnus xanthopterus
Plumbeous Antvireo [Antshri*  E  vu H              So                      Dysithamnus plumbeus
       Cinereous Antshrike                         LiSo                    Thamnomanes caesius
     Star-throated Antwren *  E                                Ub      It  Myrmotherula gularis
     White-flanked Antwren                         Li                      Myrmotherula axillaris

       Salvadori's Antwren *  E  vu                Li                      Myrmotherula minor
     Rufous-winged Antwren *                                   Ub          Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
       Ferruginous Antbird *  E        Or                      Ub      It  Drymophila ferruginea
         Bertoni's Antbird *                                           It  Drymophila rubricollis
     Rufous-tailed Antbird *  E  nt        A                       AN  It  Drymophila genei

            Scaled Antbird *  E                                Ub          Drymophila squamata
 White-shouldered Fire-eye *                   AR              Ub          Pyriglena leucoptera
      White-bibbed Antbird *  E                AR                          Myrmeciza loricata
    Short-tailed Antthrush *               A   AR                          Chamaeza campanisona
   Rufous-tailed Antthrush *           Or                          AN  It  Chamaeza ruficauda

          Such's Antthrush *  E                AR                      It  Chamaeza meruloides
       Variegated Antpitta *        H                          Ub  AN  It  Grallaria varia
        Spotted Bamboowren *     nt                            Ub          Psilorhamphus guttatus
        Slaty Bristlefront *  E  nt                            Ub      It  Merulaxis ater
   Mouse-coloured Tapaculo *           Or  A                               Scytalopus speluncae

         Brasilia Tapaculo *  E  nt H                      Ca              Scytalopus novacapitalis
    Black-and-gold Cotinga *  E  nt    Or                          AN      Tijuca atra
       Grey-winged Cotinga *  E  vu H? Or?                                 Tijuca condita
         Hooded Berryeater *  E  nt    Or  A                               Carpornis cucullatus
  Buff-throated Purpletuft *  E  en                            Ub          Iodopleura pipra

            Screaming Piha                         Li                      Lipaugus vociferans
      Cinnamon-vented Piha *  E  vu H              Li                      Lipaugus lanioides
      Red-ruffed Fruitcrow                                 Ca              Pyroderus scutatus
    Bare-throated Bellbird *     nt            AR              Ub          Procnias nudicollis
                 Sharpbill *           Or      AR              Ub      It  Oxyruncus cristatus

        Red-headed Manakin                         So                      Pipra rubrocapilla
          Helmeted Manakin *                               Ca              Antilophia galeata
    Swallow-tailed Manakin *           Or      AR              Ub      It  Chiroxiphia caudata
        Pin-tailed Manakin *  E        Or  A                               Ilicura militaris
    Grey-hooded Flycatcher *                               Ca  Ub      It  Mionectes rufiventris

   Sepia-capped Flycatcher *           Or  C                               Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant*                                           It  Hemitriccus diops
   Fork-tailed Tody-tyrant *  E                                Ub          Hemitriccus furcatus
Ochre-faced Tody-flycatcher*               A                               Todirostrum plumbeiceps
Yellow-lored Tody-flycatche*  E            SC                  Ub          Todirostrum poliocephalum

Southern Beardless Tyrannulet                                              Camptostoma obsoletum
         Yellow Tyrannulet                 A                               Capsiempis flaveola
    Yellow-bellied Elaenia                         So                      Elaenia flavogaster
     Plain-crested Elaenia                         LiSo                    Elaenia cristata
          Sooty Tyrannulet                                 Ca              Serpophaga nigricans

  White-crested Tyrannulet *                                           It  Serpophaga subcristata
       Sharp-tailed Tyrant *                               Ca              Culicivora caudacuta
      Sao Paulo Tyrannulet *     vu                            Ub          Phylloscartes paulistus
     Oustalet's Tyrannulet *  E  nt            AR                          Phylloscartes oustaleti
    Serra Do Mar Tyranulet *  E  nt                            Ub          Phylloscartes difficilis

 Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet *                                   Ub          Phylloscartes ventralis
        Eared Pygmy-tyrant *               C                               Myiornis auricularis
     Large-headed Flatbill *                                           It  Ramphotrigon megacephala
   Yellow-olive Flycatcher                     AR                      It  Tolmomyias sulphurescens
   Grey-crowned Flycatcher                                             It  Tolmomyias poliocephalus

  White-throated Spadebill                     AR          Ca              Platyrinchus mystaceus
   Russet-winged Spadebill *     nt            AR              Ub          Platyrinchus leucoryphus
  Bran-coloured Flycatcher                 A   AR                  AN      Myiophobus fasciatus
 Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher                     AR                      It  Myiobius barbatus
        Swallow Flycatcher *                                           It  Hirundinea bellicosa

              Grey Monjita *                               Ca              Xolmis cinerea
      White-rumped Monjita                             Ci  Ca              Xolmis velata
  Blue-billed Black-tyrant *               A                       AN      Knipolegus cyanirostris
      Velvety Black-tyrant *  E                                    AN  It  Knipolegus nigerrimus
      Crested Black-tyrant *                           Ci  Ca              Knipolegus lophotes

       Masked Water-tyrant                 SC  AR          Ca          It  Fluvicola nengeta
        Cock-tailed Tyrant *     vu                        Ca              Alectrurus tricolor
    Streamer-tailed Tyrant *               S                               Gubernetes yetapa
      Yellow-browed Tyrant                 S                               Satrapa icterophrys
        Long-tailed Tyrant                     AR          Ca  Ub      It  Colonia colonus

             Cattle Tyrant                         Li                      Machetornis rixosus
  Shear-tailed Grey-tyrant *                               Ca      AN      Muscipipra vetula
      Rufous-tailed Attila *           Or      AR              Ub          Attila phoenicurus
        Grey-hooded Attila *  E        Or      AR  So          Ub      It  Attila rufus
           Greyish Mourner                     AR                          Rhytipterna simplex

  Brown-crested Flycatcher                                 Ca              Myiarchus tyrannulus
         Tropical Kingbird                                                 Tyrannus melancholicus
    Fork-tailed Flycatcher                             Ci  Ca              Tyrannus savana
    Boat-billed Flycatcher                 A   AR              Ub          Megarhynchus pitangua
  Three-striped Flycatcher *                                   Ub          Conopias trivirgata

         Social Flycatcher                                                 Myiozetetes similis
            Great Kiskadee                                                 Pitangus sulphuratus
    Thrushlike Schiffornis                         LiSo                    Schiffornis turdinus
      Greenish Schiffornis *                   AR              Ub      It  Schiffornis virescens
   Chestnut-crowned Becard *                   AR              Ub          Pachyramphus castaneus

       Black-capped Becard *                                   Ub          Pachyramphus marginatus
            Crested Becard             Or                      Ub          Platypsaris validus
       Black-tailed Tityra                                 Ca  Ub          Tityra cayana
      White-rumped Swallow                                 Ca              Tachycineta leucorrhoa
      Grey-breasted Martin                         Li                      Progne chalybea [subis]

    Blue-and-white Swallow                                                 Notiochelidon cyanoleuca
Southern Rough-winged Swallow                                              Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
              Barn Swallow                         Li-                     Hirundo rustica
      Ochre-breasted Pipit *     vu                        Ca              Anthus nattereri
          Thrush-like Wren                         Li                      Campylorhynchus turdinus

           Moustached Wren                                 Ca              Thryothorus genibarbis
          Long-billed Wren *  E            S                               Thryothorus longirostris
       Southern House Wren                                                 Troglodytes aedon musculus
      Tropical Mockingbird                 S                               Mimus gilvus [polyglottos]
  Chalk-browed Mockingbird                 C       So  Ci  Ca              Mimus saturninus

    Rufous-brown Solitaire *        H      A                               Cichlopsis leucogenys
      Yellow-legged Thrush                                     Ub          Platycichla flavipes
     Rufous-bellied Thrush                                                 Turdus rufiventris
      Pale-breasted Thrush                                                 Turdus leucomelas
              Cocoa Thrush                         Li                      Turdus fumigatus

       White-necked Thrush                     AR                          Turdus albicollis
      Long-billed Gnatwren                                     Ub          Ramphocaenus melanurus
          Curl-crested Jay *                               Ca      AN      Cyanocorax cristatellus
         Plush-crested Jay                                 Ca              Cyanocorax chrysops
             House Sparrow                                                 Passer domesticus

Rufous-browed Peppershrike                                                 Cyclarhis gujanensis
            Red-eyed Vireo                         So          Ub          Vireo olivaceus
   Rufous-crowned Greenlet *                                       AN      Hylophilus poicilotis
           Tropical Parula                                     Ub          Parula pitiayumi [americana]
       Masked Yellowthroat                             Ci  Ca              Geothlypis aequinoctialis

    Golden-crowned Warbler             Or      AR                  AN  It  Basileuterus culicivorus
     White-bellied Warbler *                           Ci                  Basileuterus hypoleucus
      White-rimmed Warbler *           Or                          AN      Basileuterus leucoblepharus
                Bananaquit             Or                      Ub      It  Coereba flaveola
  Chestnut-vented Conebill *               S                               Conirostrum speciosum

             Brown Tanager *  E  nt                                    It  Orchesticus abeillei
          Cinnamon Tanager *  E                AR      Ci  Ca              Schistoclamys ruficapillus
            Magpie Tanager                                 Ca          It  Cissopis leveriana
     Rufous-headed Tanager *  E                AR          Ca  Ub          Hemithraupis ruficapilla
     Yellow-backed Tanager             Or          So                      Hemithraupis flavicollis

       Olive-green Tanager *  E                                        It  Orthogonys chloricterus
     Flame-crested Tanager                         So          Ub          Tachyphonus cristatus
      Ruby-crowned Tanager *                   AR  Li                      Tachyphonus coronatus
       White-lined Tanager             Or                  Ca          It  Tachyphonus rufus
     Black-goggled Tanager *           Or                  Ca          It  Trichothraupis melanops

   Red-crowned Ant-tanager             Or                                  Habia rubica
         Brazilian Tanager *                                   Ub          Ramphocelus bresilius
            Sayaca Tanager                                                 Thraupis sayaca
  Azure-shouldered Tanager *  E  nt            AR                          Thraupis cyanoptera
  Golden-chevroned Tanager *  E        Or  A   AR                      It  Thraupis ornata

              Palm Tanager             Or                                  Thraupis palmarum
          Diademed Tanager *               A                       AN      Stephanophorus diadematus
     Fawn-breasted Tanager                                         AN      Pipraeidea melanonota
       Violaceous Euphonia             Or                                  Euphonia violacea
 Chestnut-bellied Euphonia *                                   Ub      It  Euphonia pectoralis

      Green-headed Tanager *           Or                      Ub      It  Tangara seledon
        Red-necked Tanager *           Or                      Ub          Tangara cyanocephala
   Brassy-breasted Tanager *  E        Or  C                       AN  It  Tangara desmaresti
        Gilt-edged Tanager *  E            A   AR          Ca          It  Tangara cyanoventris
    Burnished-buff Tanager             Or      AR      Ci                  Tangara cayana

               Blue Dacnis             Or                  Ca  Ub      It  Dacnis cayana
        Green Honeycreeper                                     Ub          Chlorophanes spiza
           Swallow Tanager                                 Ca          It  Tersina viridis
   Rufous-collared Sparrow                                                 Zonotrichia capensis
         Grassland Sparrow                                     Ub          Ammodramus humeralis

Bay-chested Warbling-finch *  E                                    AN      Poospiza thoracica
 Red-rumped Warbling-finch *               A                       AN      Poospiza lateralis
  Cinereous Warbling-finch *  E  vu                        Ca              Poospiza cinerea
             Saffron Finch                                                 Sicalis flaveola
  Wedge-tailed Grass-finch *                               Ca              Emberizoides herbicola

         Great Pampa-finch                                 Ca              Embernagra platensis
 Buff-throated Pampa-finch *  E                        Ci                  Embernagra longicauda
      Blue-black Grassquit                 C           Ci  Ca              Volatinia jacarina
  Yellow-bellied Seedeater                         So      Ca              Sporophila nigricollis
 Double-collared Seedeater                 A                   Ub      It  Sporophila caerulescens

   Great-billed Seed-finch *                   AR (prob. escape, see note) Oryzoborus maximiliani
         Lesser Seed-finch                                 Ca              Oryzoborus angolensis
     Yellow-green Grosbeak *           Or      AR                          Caryothraustes canadensis
   Black-throated Grosbeak *                               Ca              Pitylus fuliginosus
    Buff-throated Saltator                     AR  Li                      Saltator maximus

     Green-winged Saltator *                                               Saltator similis
     Thick-billed Saltator *                                       AN  It  Saltator maxillosus
   Black-throated Saltator *                           Ci                  Saltator atricollis
  Yellow-billed Blue Finch *     nt                    Ci                  Porphyrospiza caerulescens
        Crested Oropendola                                 Ca  Ub          Psarocolius decumanus

        Red-rumped Cacique                         Li          Ub      It  Cacicus haemorrhous
     Golden-winged Cacique *                                           It  Cacicus chrysopterus
    White-browed Blackbird                         So                      Leistes superciliaris
   Yellow-rumped Marshbird *                           Ci  Ca              Pseudoleistes guirahuro
           Chopi Blackbird                                 Ca              Gnorimopsar chopi
             Shiny Cowbird                                                 Molothrus bonariensis

Note: the Great-billed Seed-finch at Augusto Rushi reserve was seen at the small marsh behind the 
(old) administration building at the entrance of the reserve. This species is very rare now in these
regions, and we had seen several cages with confiscated wild birds at the admin. building. 
So we presume that this seed-finch had escaped from these cages.

Mammals

Maned Three-toed Sloth
Endangered species of Atlantic lowland forests in SE Brasil.
A very wet individual seen in high tree top with young leaves in innermost part of Linhares reserve. Mane not visible for us, but only possible sloth species here.

Tufted-ear Marmoset
Once at Carmo site N of Teresopolis, pair with 1 young (subsp. aurita).
Once in Linhares reserve, pair with 1 young (subsp. geoffroyi).
Onde crossing the road W of Piumhi (subsp. unknown).

Masked Titi-monkey
One very wet family/group in Linhares reserve along road towards lodge.
One family/group below Canastra NP, along river at camping.

Brown Howler Monkey
Heard sometimes, e.g. Augusto Rushi reserve.
The howler of the Atlantic forests.

black cat
On the road over the Cipˇ hills, far from habitation, a black cat walked along the side of the road. It was very early in the morning and the cat didn't see us for a while. Bigger than house cat, seemingly a bit longer legged also. Bright yellow eyes, a bit angled, giving it a 'mean' expression. Rounded small ears. Tail smooth, and thickly haired. Walked into the marsh when it saw us.
Probably Jaguarundi.

Maned Wolf
One at Canastra National Park, entrance above Sao Roque de Minas, near guard station. Probably in search of food leftovers. Guard said he had seen four that morning.

Bush Dog?
See final part of Introduction. In Augusto Rushi reserve.

Squirrel
Several, and one seen well on tree along Tres Picos trail in Itatiaia NP. Grey-brown, body 20-25 cm, tail too.

Guineapig
One high on mountain of Cipˇ and one on grounds of hotel Simon (Itatiaia NP). Body c. 20 cm, grey-brown

Agouti
One in Linhares reserve. According to range: Red-rumped Agouti (Amazon etc.)

Brazilian Rabbit
One along Agulhas Negras road above Itatiaia NP, not far from the marsh

Armadillo
On Canastra plateau, moving in high grass, staying invisible, except one ear! Certainly too small for (adult) Giant Armadillo.

Bat
Several in forest near hotel Simon, Itatiaia NP.